Study about life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags

Life Cycle Assessment of Supermarket Carrier Bags

If you imagine plastic waste, surely what comes to mind is a plastic bag. Life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags is needed plastic bags are very widely used in everyday life. Originally this plastic bag was used to replace paper bags whose raw materials were from trees. 

Once considered more environmentally friendly, the community was ignorant and used disposable plastic bags. As a result of the life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags, many plastic bags are wasted in the streets, rivers to the sea.

life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags
life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags

The movement to reduce plastic bag waste is increasingly being done. Alternatively, bags of paper, bags of biodegradable materials, bags of cotton, or even plastic bags that are more durable so that it can be used many times.

Which of the following bag alternatives is the most environmentally friendly? To find out, we need to use the life cycle assessment method, which is measuring the environmental impact of each process in the manufacture and use of the bag.

There are many studies conducted on life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags. One of them was carried out by the Environment Agency in Bristol UK.

This study assesses the life cycle environmental impacts of the production, use, and disposal of different carrier bags for the UK in 2006.

Why do they study LCA carrier bag?

Recently, the family member ecological effects of light-weight provider bags as well as various other choices have actually been actually debated. Due to the Springtime of 2009

prominent grocery stores possessed halved the variety of solitary utilize provider bags utilized. Nevertheless, concerns still stay around the ecological importance of light-weight provider bags, particularly when it comes to the larger argument on Global warming.

The record thinks about just the kinds of providers offered coming from UK grocery stores. It doesn't analyze individual bags neither providers provided through various other higher road sellers. 

The record doesn't think about the intro of a provider bag tax obligation, the impacts of littering, the ability as well as determination of customers towards altering behavior, any type of unfavorable effects of degradable polymers in the reusing flow, neither the prospective financial effect on UK company.

What kind of carrier bags were studied? : 

The type of carrier bags was studied on this life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags

• a traditional, light-weight provider created coming from high-density polyethylene (HDPE);

• a light-weight HDPE provider along with a prodegradant additive developed towards breather the down the plastic right into smaller sized pieces;

• a naturally degradable provider created come from a starch-polyester (biopolymer) blend;

• a paper carrier;

• a "bag long-life" created coming from low-density polyethylene (LDPE);

• a much heavier much a lot extra resilient bag, frequently along with stiffening inserts created coming from non interweaved polypropylene (PP); as well as

• a cotton bag.

What is the difference one that bag?

These kinds of provider bags are actually each developed for a various variety of utilizes base on life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags. Those meant towards final much a lot longer require much a lot extra sources in their manufacturing as well as are actually for that reason most probably towards creating higher ecological effects if contrasted on a bag for bag manner. 

To earn the contrast reasonable of life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags, they thought about the effects coming from the variety of bags needed towards bringing one month's buying in 2006/07.

What is the parameter of environmental impact?

Base on the Life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags, They after that determine exactly just how often times each various kind of provider will have actually to become utilized towards decrease its own Global warming perspective towards listed below that for traditional HDPE provider bags where some 40 percent were actually recycled as container linings. 

Lastly, life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags were actually contrasted for various other effects: source depletion, acidification, eutrophication, individual poisoning, clean sprinkle aquatic ecotoxicity, aquatic ecotoxicity, terrestrial ecotoxicity as well as photochemical oxidation (smoke development).


What are the results of this study?

Which process is most impactful on the environment?

• In this life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags we can conclude that the environmental impact of all types of carrier bag is dominated by resource use and production stages. It is because there is so much energy that is needed in the production stage. Transport, secondary packaging, and end-of-life management generally have a minimal influence on their performance. 

Is switching the type of carrier bag can help reduce environmental impact?

• Whatever kind of bag is actually utilized, the essential of decreasing the effects are actually towards recycle it as often times as feasible as well as where recycle for buying isn't practicable. Base on Life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags various other recycling, e.g. towards change container linings, is actually advantageous.

• This life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags show that, The recycling of traditional HDPE as well as various other light-weight provider bags for buying as well as/or even as bin-liners is actually critical towards their ecological efficiency as well as recycle as container linings create higher advantages compared to reusing bags.

• Base on life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags, Starch-polyester mix bags have actually a greater global warming perspective as well as abiotic depletion compared to traditional polymer bags, as a result of each towards the enhanced value of the product in a bag as well as greater product manufacturing effects.

How to use each kind of bag properly?

• Base on life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags, we know that minimum usage from each product before its recycled is:

  • the paper bag  3 times
  • LDPE 4 times
  • non-woven PP 11 times
  • cotton bags 131 times

so that they have actually reduced global warming potential compared to traditional HDPE provider bags that are actually not recycled. life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags show that The variety of opportunities each will have actually to become recycled when various percentages of traditional (HDPE) provider bags are actually recycled are actually displayed in the dining table listed below.

• Reusing or even composting typically creates just a little decrease in global warming abiotic depletion and prospective.

Potential of bioplastic

Another paper about that from Mori et.al. they are discussed LCA on bioplastic.

Within this particular report, a life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags examines 3 kinds of grocery store bags exist. Recommendation bag is actually a reduced thickness polyethylene (LDPE) bag, while lengthy lifestyle polypropylene (PP), as well as a bag coming from the naturally degradable product, are actually compared with the recommendation bag in regards to ecological power usage and effects.

The stock evaluation from life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags, was actually carried out together along with bags producers, vendors, squander administration business as well as plan legislations and standards. Ecological effects exist along with ecological signs through CML 2001 requirement. 

Examine deals with all of life process phases along with various situations in the long run lifestyle phase as well as primary contributors towards ecological life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags concerns were actually determined with life process phases. 

Because it is actually revealed that completion of lifestyle phase of provider bags is actually extremely delicate as well as based on the customer's behavior, standards for disposition of bags are actually provided such as portion enhance/reduce of the particular ecological sign. 

The research about life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags reveals that bioplastic bags have actually some benefits in the manufacturing life process stage (coming from cradle towards the door), however, could be doubtful in the long run of life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags, otherwise correctly gotten rid of as well as/or even composted industrially rather in residential garden compost containers. It was actually revealed that a lengthy lifestyle (PP) provider bag is actually without a doubt the very best option if utilized for 5 years as made a proposal due to the producer.

Also read: Life Cycle Assessment Environmental Impact


Environment Agency. 2011. Life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags: a review of the bags available in 2006


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