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Environmental consequences of deforestation project

Definition of deforestation project

Deforestation is the removal of forests both naturally and artificially. Deforestation cases have occurred since time immemorial. The difference is that in the past, deforestation occurred naturally and by animals. But today humans are most responsible for forest loss in the deforestation project activities

deforestation project
Environmental consequences of deforestation project


However, after humans switched from hunting to farming, they definitely need more land. As a result, humans started cutting down trees and turning forests into agricultural land.

In the modern era, 80% of cases of deforestation are due to the clearing of land for agriculture. The environmental consequences of deforestation include disruption of the water cycle, soil erosion, flooding, biodiversity losses, and disruption of human activities.

Water Cycle Disruption

Trees function to keep water in the ground. The loss of forests causes water on the ground to not be stored properly. Water that falls from the rain will directly hit the ground and flow to another place.

Another function of trees is to adjust the level of water in the air. If there are no trees, less water is returned to the ground. In addition, the water that falls to the ground also evaporates more easily. This can cause the soil to become drier and less fertile.

Soil Erosion and flooding

Tree roots have a function as a foundation in a building. The foundation is firmly embedded in the ground so as to resist the shift in the soil. Usually, taproots are stronger than fibrous roots. Land planted with fibrous-rooted plants is still prone to landslides.

The loss of forests also causes moisture from the soil to decrease. Finally, the soil becomes dry and easily eroded so that it is more prone to landslides

When it first rained, the water was not stored in the ground. There is an old saying that more people die in the desert from flooding than thirst. This is because when it rains for the first time on arid land, the water will immediately flow into the river. This is what causes more dangerous flooding

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Forests have the ability to absorb carbon dioxide. Therefore forests are often called the lungs of the world. Loss of forests of course also reduces the ability to absorb carbon dioxide. So that these greenhouse gases can cause global warming.

In addition, if the forest is reduced due to burning, the smoke generated will also cause a very large carbon footprint emissions. It can also cause a build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Losses Biodiversity

As many as 70% of virgin and plant animals live in the forest. Many animals live and make cages in trees. As for the above ground, forests can provide protection in drastic temperature changes such as those above the desert. Forests also keep the air moist.

Many animals and plants are very sensitive to air humidity. If it is too dry, plants can wither and animals will be thirsty more easily because they sweat.

deforestation can be caused by forest fires. These fires can certainly cause many animals and plants to die. Forest fires are often marked by the presence of animals running from the forest. The loss of some species in the forest will disturb the food chain.

Orangutans are native Indonesian animals that are currently endangered. Land conversion causes habitat loss for orangutans because trees are the home of these endemic animals. This threat to extinction has caught the attention of the world over to Hollywood artist Leon

Deforestation in various countries

Tropical rainforests are a valuable asset for the earth because they are able to absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide. Some time ago the Amazon rainforest experienced severe fires. In 2019 the Amazon forest fires increased by 76% compared to the previous year.

Many countries offer help to deal with forest fires on the amazon. One of them is Chile, which offers four planes to fight forest fires. Chile also sent as many as 44,000 soldiers to fight wildfires.

Quoted from CNN, the countries that deforestation for agriculture most often are Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Environmental activists have disappointed commitments from various countries about protecting forests from land conversion.

Farmers in Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia often burn shrubs during the dry season. However, this often spreads to widespread forest fires. Even the Bolivian Government authorizes farmers to burn forests up to 20 hectares away

In the Australian area also frequent forest fires. By early 2020 wildfires could devour 20% of Australia's forests. Many endemic animals such as koalas, kangaroos, reptiles, and various snakes died from the forest fires. Approximately 5.8 hectares of forest burned in Victoria and New Shout Wales from late 2019 to early 2020.

In Southeast Asian countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia, there is a lot of deforestation project due to land conversion. Most of the forests in Sumatra and Borneo are used for oil palm plantations. Many cases of land clearing are done by starting land.

Conclusion

Forests are a necessity for the earth. Without a forest, the earth is like Losing its lungs. Nothing absorbs carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Changes in temperature at the earth's surface can also occur in extremes such as in deserts. Humidity is necessary for some animal and plant species

The role of government and society is very important. Forest clearing for agriculture must be controlled so as not to have a big environmental impact. The environmental consequences of deforestation will cost humans in the future. The existence of forests will maintain the balance of the ecosystem and food chain.

Also read: Biggest ways to reduce carbon footprint in the city

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